Saturday, November 14, 2009

For a New Greek Strategy of Deterrence: Arms Procurement

Translated from Strategy-Geopolitics. This is Part IV. Part I can be found here, Part II here and Part III here.

Defence spending is generally divided in the following categories:
1. Personnel expenses (wages, healthcare etc.). In Greece these expenses are nearly 3 billion Euros annually.
2. Operational expenses (operation and maintenance of equipment, procurement, consumables and maintenance of installations). In Greece these expenses are about 1.8 billion Euros annually.
3. Arms procurement programmes (purchases, investments, research & development).

Whatever weapon system is procured, no matter how advanced, its effectiveness on the battlefield will depend on the members of the Greek Armed Forces, whose performance depends on two factors: training and morale.

The cutbacks which the political leadership of the Ministry of Defence announced with regards to the future 5 year procurement plans should not be allowed to negatively impact the strength of the country’s military force in the face of ever-growing threats. Below is a list of the potential procurement programmes of the Armed Forces until 2020. The list will not cover numbers and types of systems; this is left to the general staff to decide. However, the author suggests that in selecting weapon systems factors to be considered should be homogeneity of equipment, low manning needs and the highest possible participation of the Greek defence industry.

National Defence National Staff

- Joint Service Command, Communications, Computers and Intelligence System (C4I).
- Satellite communications system.
- Satellite surveillance system.
- Specialised surveillance equipment for the Joint Directorate of Military Intelligence.
- Specialised equipment for special operations.

Army General Staff

- Utility/transport helicopters and helicopters for special operations.
- Modern tracked armoured fighting vehicles.
- Amphibious armoured fighting vehicles.
- Wheeled armoured fighting vehicles.
- Wheeled reconnaissance vehicles.
- Modern soldier equipment (assault rifle, sensors, equipment).
- Self propelled 155mm howitzers.
- 120mm mortars.
- Small and medium range anti-tank missile systems.
- Medium range air defence systems.
- Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs).
- Anti-helicopter mines.
- Modern communications and cryptography gear.
- General purpose vehicles.
- Modernisation of existing AH-64A+ Apache attack helicopters.
- Modernisation of existing M-113 personnel carriers.
- Modernisations of RM-70 multiple rocket launchers.

Navy General Staff

- New maritime surveillance aircraft.
- Frigates with Anti Air Warfare capabilities.
- Air Independent Propulsion submarines.
- Stealth fast attack craft.
- Gunboats.
- Anti Submarine Warfare (ASW) helicopters and special operations helicopters instead of the modernisation of the existing AB-212 ASW helicopters.
- General support ship.
- Submarine rescue ship.
- Surface to surface missiles, air launched torpedoes and submarine torpedoes.
- Fast craft and special operations underwater vehicles.
- Modernisation of the existing MEKO-200HN frigates.

Air Force General Staff

- New fighter aircraft
- Modernisation of existing F-16C/D Block 30 & 50 fighters as well as Mirage 2000EGM/BGM fighters.
- Combat Search And Rescue helicopters.
- Aerial refuelling aircraft.
- Advanced jet trainer aircraft.
- Transportation aircraft.
- Self protection suites for all aircraft and helicopters.
- Navigation and targeting pods.
- Signals Intelligence, Electronic Intelligence and Electronic Warfare equipment.
- Long range stand-off munitions.
- Air-to-Air missiles.
- Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.
- Air defence suppression UAV drones.
- Modernisation of existing S-300PMU1 batteries to S-400 level.
- Creation of a modern target range and procurement of an Autonomous Air Combat Manoeuvring Instrumentation system (AACMI).
- Modernisation of the ground radar network, communications and Area Command Centres.

1 comment:

  1. More precision-guided munitions for counter-land capability, such as:

    -More SMArt 155 shells for the Pzh 2000s.

    -Rockets with BAT(Brilliant Anti-Tank) submunitions for the M270 MLRS.

    -CBU-87 Sensor-fuzed weapons.

    -Krasnopol-M laser-guided artillery shells.

    Most of these would be for the army, which can never match the Turkish army quantitatively. Smart munitions for the Greek army, while more expensive, help neutralize Turkey's numerical superiority.